During life-threatening incidents and accidents, knowing how to give CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuciation) could really save the flickering light of life. For more or less three hundred years, CPR has already been around to give the almost dying people another chance at survival and to live their lives normally once again. It deals with heart failure, breathing troubles, and water in lungs in case the patient experiences a near drowning. It has two major components: chest compression and rescue breathing. Each of the two has a set of instructions for you to and must follow. CPR is a highly important part of the first line of action undertaken during an emergency situation. It could really rescue a life when done correctly. But beware. One must not resort to CPR without proper training because false actions could resort to greater troubles which include death.
Before performing CPR, check for a response from the patient or victim. Gently shake him and ask if he could hear you. If the patient does not give any response, proceed to step number two. Of course, you disregard this step if the patient is choking or breathing unsteadily.
The next thing you should do is tilt the head back, press the forehead down, and lift the chin with your two forefingers. Be gentle on the patient. Move closely to the patient and put your cheek near the mouth and nose and check for any sign of breathing by feeling a light blow of air against your cheek. If there is no sign of breathing, or if the patient struggles for breath, do the major component of CPR which is rescue breathing.
To do so, cover the patient’s mouth with your own mouth. You may choose to use a CPR mask or shield for extra safety. Breathe into the patient’s mouth twice. Each breath is supposed to make the patient’s chest rise. Keep the head tilted back and the chin lifted up while doing rescue breathing.
To proceed with the second major component which is chest compression, interlock your both hands with the palms facing the patient’s chest. Place your hands on the center of the patient’s chest. Press down firmly using the heels of your hands, and then release. Thirty chest compressions is recommended at a time. Do this hard and fast.
Do two rescue breathings and thirty chest compressions alternately. Keep doing this until the patient manages to breathe on his own or until help arrives. An AED (Automated External Defibrillator) could be used during the first round of CPR if it is available.
Take note that though the use of a CPR mask or shield is optional, it is highly recommended especially if you do CPR on a complete stranger. Moreover, you could do chest compressions alone. It is also recommended that untrained individuals do chest compressions alone and leave both CPR components to trained ones. Also, be informed that CPR of adults is different from the CPR for children and babies. If you have a job that involves being regularly with children, sign up for a training on CPR for children and babies.
Remember to never do this if you do not have sufficient skill and knowledge. While CPR is performed to save a life, wrong actions could lead to loss of life.