Because of the many forms of pressure the society inflicts on its members, most especially women, by dictating those crooked standards of beauty and form, trying so hard to achieve what the society deems beautiful may lead to harmful practices. One of the many false ideologies society establishes is that only skinny girls are pretty, that you must have thigh gaps, highly defined collarbones, and flat tummies to be beautiful. Because of this, girls tend to eat less, eat nothing at all, or throw up what they intake because they believe that doing these things would help them achieve the perfect body type. As advocators of women’s health care, we are here to enlighten the public most especially women about the common eating disorders and how harmful they could be.
- Anorexia nervosa
People diagnosed to be anorexic have great fear of gaining too much weight so they tend to eat less. This kind of disorder is most common among teenage girls and young women. The common symptoms for anorexia are if a girl has extremely low body weight, if she refuses to try to gain the weight that matches her age and height, if she has this great fear of getting fat, if she sees herself as fat when in fact she is almost skin and bones, and if she already missed three menstrual monthly cycles consecutively. Anorexic people often do not eat the food on their plate or refuse to be seen eating by others, always talk about food and weight, follow a strict diet, deny or disregard feelings of hunger, are often irritable and moody, and wear loose and baggy clothing.
Health care providers would try to bring the patient back to her normal weight and counsel her regarding psychological problems present like letting her realize that she is not too fat or help her get rid of her fear of gaining weight.
- Bulimia nervosa
This is a form of eating disorder where the victim eats lots of food in a short span of time and tries to eliminate what he or she just ate either by making himself or herself throw up or by taking laxatives. Laxatives are pills or liquid solutions that increase the rate of how fast the food eaten would move inside the body and results to bowel movement. Aside from the mentioned practices, bulimic people also works out a lot to prevent weight gain, follow a strict diet or not eating at all, and intake diuretics or pills that make a person urinate. Unlike the anorexic patients, bulimic people are hard to diagnose because they can be underweight, overweight, or weigh normally. They are treated by psychotherapy just like with anorexic patients, and are also given meds.
- Binge eating disorder
Unlike anorexic or bulimic people, patients having this eating disorder eat a lot and rapidly and usually lose their control during their binges. They do not follow strict diets, throw up, or exercise. That is why they are usually obese. They eat faster than usual, continue eating even when already full, eat even though not feeling any hunger, but also feel guilty about overeating. Nutritional advice and psychotherapy as well as drug therapy are all employed to cure people with this disorder.