In terms of women’s health care, we can never cross our monthly menstrual cycle off the list. It is an inevitable life process for every woman. It is an indication that the body is ready for pregnancy. However, it has a lot of discomforts especially for those who are having their period for the first time. There a couple of troubles that could possibly arise like heavy period flows and body pains brought about by PMS (premenstrual syndrome). But what is even more disheartening for some girls is that they may also experience irregular periods. Here are the things we need to know about the irregularity of the menstrual cycle and the actions to be undertaken.
Usually, the gap between two cycles is about twenty one to thirty five days and every cycle lasts for about three to five days. However, a woman may have irregular period if the time gap between every cycle varies every time, if the blood loss is more or less than the usual, and/or if the number of days of the duration of the period itself also differs. There are actually different kinds of irregular period. The first one is called oligomenorrhea which refers to occasional periods. Women with this condition only experience fewer than six to eight periods a year. Next is metrorrhagia which pertains to irregular but frequent menstrual cycles. Another is menometrorrhagia which is longer or heavier periods that are irregular but frequent. Lastly, we have the amenorrhea which refers to the lack of period for about three to six months.
The treatment of irregular periods depends on two things: the cause and your desire to bear children in the future. The most common causes are intrauterine devices that did not fit properly, changing birth control pills or due to intake of certain meds, too much physical activity, polycystic ovary disease, pregnancy or breastfeeding, Asherman syndrome, stress, or hyperthyroidism.
Usually, irregular periods require no treatment as they are most usually due to puberty and pregnancy. However, there are various treatment options made available to us by our dear health care providers. First is treating underlying diseases. If the disease that causes irregular periods is gone, the monthly menstrual cycle may shift back to normal. If you go to the doctor for having irregular periods, he would ask for a blood test to evaluate your hormone levels and thyroid activities. The other treatment option is changing birth control method like removing the intrauterine device or stopping your intake of birth control pills, and suggesting another contraceptive method. Another option is lifestyle changes. Some of our activities like too much exercise may cause our irregular periods so the doctor would advise us to start changing our routines that affect our monthly menstrual cycle. Hormone therapy is another option. This is usually applied to women with irregular periods who are having difficulty to get pregnant. Lastly, they may result to surgery. Sometimes, irregular periods are due to faulty structure in the uterus or fallopian tubes. Like hormone therapy, this is also applied to women who want to have children but are having troubles doing so.