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Menopause and Hormone Replacement Therapy

Menopause and Hormone Replacement Therapy

In deep concern for women’s health care, the advent of modern technology has come up with a process to attend to menopausal conflicts. It is called the Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). It is a surgical treatment for menopausal, premenopausal, and postmenopausal women. It aims to lessen discomfort brought about by decreasing circulating estrogen and progesterone hormones in women. In those with premature or surgically induced menopause, utilization of Hormone Replacement Therapy may also lessen the risk of dementia. The primary hormones used in this procedure are estrogen, progesterone and progestin.

Its utilization has lots of advantages as well as risks. Let us first determine the benefits it has to offer.

First, HRT prevents bone loss and lessen the risk of osteoporosis. Estrogen prevents the activity of osteoclasts and improves mineral density.

Second and also its main aim, it relieves symptoms of menopause. Of course, with the reinforcements of female hormones that are diminished during menopausal period, the discomforts brought about by menopause are attended to by HRT.

Also, HRT lowers the risk of colon cancer. In research findings, women who are taking hormonal therapies have greater chances of survival once diagnosed with this form of cancer than those who do not take any hormone therapy at all.

HRT also lowers the risk of macular degeneration, which is vision loss that occurs when the macula, the part of the retina at the back of the eye that gives sharp, central vision, deteriorates with age.

However, HRT is not simply about glitter and gold. It also poses some health risks.

It can increase the risk of acquiring endometrial cancer. Unopposed estrogen, which the supplementation of endogenous estrogens without a progestogen, could result into endometrial hyperplasia. Endometrial hyperplasia is a precursor of endometrial cancer.

HRT may also result to blood clots.

Utilizing this process is also known to increase the risk of stroke.

Hormonal Replacement Therapy could also result to the increase in the risk of acquiring gallbladder diseases.

HRT may also increase the risk of high blood pressure among women.

It also may increase the risk of larger, more invasive forms of breast cancer.

Aside from the mentioned pros and cons, there are also side effects brought about by this therapy. It includes headache, upset stomach, diarrhea, apetite and weight shifts, sex drive and performance changes, nervousness, brown or black patches on the skin, acne, swelling of hands and feet, changes in menstrual flow, breast tenderness, enlargement or discharge, and difficulty in wearing contact lenses.

There are also contraindications or reasons to withhold Hormonal Replacement Therapy like undiagnosed vaginal bleeding, severe liver disease, pregnancy, coronary heart disease, venous thrombosis, and well-differentiated and early endometrial cancer.

The decision to make in whether considering or crossing Hormonal Therapy off the list must be done thoroughly and intellectually both by the patient and her health care provider. Both of them must weigh the benefits and risks of undergoing this form of treatment because this is a serious decision to make that change lives and affect one’s health perpetually. You should ask yourself a hundred times if you really need this kind of therapy or not.

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