Taking care of our bodies is one of the most basic and vital things one must learn regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, social status, educational and work background, advocacy and age. We must be well-acquainted with the nutrients our body needs and be able to find out which ones we should have a little bit more of.
The main difference between vitamins and minerals is that vitamins are organic substances while minerals are inorganic which means they come from the soil and water.
Vitamins have two categories. They can either be water-soluble or fat-soluble. Fat soluble vitamins like vitamins A, D, E and K are those that can be stored in the body fats. Meanwhile, water-soluble ones like vitamins C and B-complex require being dissolved in water before they can be absorbed by the body. The water-soluble ones are not stored in the body so it is necessary to have a supply of them everyday mainly through the food we intake.
Vitamin A keeps our vision healthy and sharp. Vitamin K helps in the process of blood clotting which makes bleeding stop in a short period of time. Calcium primarily strengthens the bones and teeth, and we should know for a fact that our bones are highly important in our bodies since they serve as the framework of our body, protects our organs from injuries, takes hold of our muscles and store calcium as well. Chromium enhances the action of the insulin which is an important hormone in controlling the level of sugar, fats, carbohydrates and protein in the body. Folate which is a B vitamin aids in the synthesis of the DNA and RNA (nucleic acids) and in the metabolism of amino acids. Iron carries oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body and at the same time helps our muscles to store and use oxygen. Magnesium is vital in more than three hundred biochemical processes in our bodies, helps maintain normal nerve and muscle functions, keeps our hearts’ rhythm healthy, supports a healthy immune system, and also aids in keeping the bones strong. Also, it helps in regulating sugar levels, promotes normal blood pressure, and helps in energy metabolism and protein synthesis. Selenium is combined to proteins to come up with selenoproteins that help prevent cellular damage from free radicals. Vitamin B6 has varying functions in the body like amino acid metabolism and biosynthesis of neurotransmitters that is vital in cognitive processes. Vitamin B12 is essential in the formation of red blood cells, brain processes and synthesis of the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).Vitamin D promotes the body’s absorption of calcium and helps enable normal mineralization of the bones. Vitamin E helps stop the production of reactive oxygen species that are formed during fat oxidation. Zinc is involved in processes of cellular metabolism.
There are nutrients that our body must be supplied with large amounts, while there are some required in minimal amounts. Some are readily available in the food we eat and some are taken as food supplements. To get more and accurate information regarding what you body needs and how to have a supply of such, it is best to consult your doctor.