Are you suffering from beriberi, Pellagra, Acne, Mycrocytic anemia, or cheilosis (cracking of lips)? Ever wondered why you are feeling this illness? You may have a problem in the supply of your vitamin B complex. The list for B-complex comprises of 8 B-vitamins which is composed of B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), and B12 (cyanocobalamin). Each vitamin is essential for keeping the body healthy and any deficiency can lead to sickness.
Each B-vitamin plays a specific role for your health. Vitamin B1 plays a central role in the generation of energy from carbohydrates. The deficiency can cause beriberi, a disturbance in the nervous system causing weakness, emotional disturbances, irregular heartbeat, edema and weight loss. Serious cases can even lead to death.
Vitamin B2 is involved in the energy production for the electron transport chain, the citric acid cycle, as well as the catabolism of fatty acids (beta oxidation) which are essential systems in our body. The deficiency can lead to cheilosis (cracks in the lips), high sensitivity to sunlight, angular cheilitis, glossitis (inflammation of the tongue),seborrheic dermatitis or pseudo-syphilis (particularly affecting the scrotum or labia majora and the mouth), pharyngitis (sore throat), hyperemia, and edema of thepharyngeal and oral mucosa which are symptoms for ariboflavinosis.
Vitamin B3 plays an important role in energy transfer reactions in the metabolism of glucose, fat and alcohol. Deficiency can lead to pellagra that comes with aggression, dermatitis, insomnia, weakness, mental confusion, and diarrhea as symptoms.
Vitamin B5 is involved in the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acid. It plays an important role for the synthesis of amino acids, fatty acids, ketones, cholesterol, phospholipids, steroid hormones, neurotransmitters (such as acetylcholine) and antibodies. Deficiency can lead to acne and paresthesia.
Vitamin B6 plays a role in the metabolism of amino acids and lipids; in the synthesis of neurotransmitters and hemoglobin. It is also important for the gluconeogenesis. Deficiency may lead to microcytic anemia (because pyridoxyl phosphate is the cofactor for heme synthesis), depression, dermatitis, high blood pressure (hypertension), water retention, and elevated levels of homocysteine.
Vitamin B7 and B9 are not so well-known among the B-vitamins but it is important such that B7 is for metabolism of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates. B9 is needed for normal cells division, especially during pregnancy and infancy, which are times of rapid growth. Folate also aids in erythropoiesis, the production of red blood cells.
Vitamin B12 is essential in the production of blood cells in bone marrow, nerve sheaths and proteins. Deficiency results in a macrocytic anemia, elevated homocysteine, peripheral neuropathy, memory loss and other cognitive deficits.
Any deficiencies can cause serious illness if not properly supplied within the body. As such, there are supplements to comply the B-vitamin requirement. These are water soluble vitamins which can be released through urine if taken in excess. Still, doctors would highly recommend the acquisition of these nutrients from natural food sources such as kombucha, whole grains, potatoes, bananas, lentils, chili peppers, tempeh, beans, nutritional yeast, brewer’s yeast, and molasses. B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat such as turkey, tuna and liver. Make sure to supply your body with vitamin B-complex to avoid any illness and promote better health for you and your whole family.